14,320 new cases of melanoma are estimated to be diagnosed in Australia this year.
Skin cancer occurs when skin cells are damaged, often by UV exposure to the sun. There are three main types of skin cancer; basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and melanoma.
Basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma are known as non-melanoma skin cancer. These skin cancers are the most common cancers in Australia, but most are not life threatening. Melanoma is the most dangerous form of skin cancer, and usually occurs on parts of the body that have been overexposed to the sun.
Skin cancer occurs in both males and females, but non-melanoma skin cancers are not notified to cancer registries. It is estimated that in 2018, 14,320 new cases of melanoma (8,653 males and 5,667 females) will be diagnosed, making it the fourth most commonly diagnosed cancer in Australia.