719 new cases of childhood cancer in children aged 0-14 were estimated to be diagnosed in Australia in 2017.
Cancer is a disease that occurs when abnormal cells in the body grow in an uncontrolled way. The types of cancers that occur in children, and the way they respond to treatment, can be different to cancers that occur in adolescents or adults.
In children, age is not a risk factor for cancer, but the incidence of some cancers varies with age. Some childhood cancers tend to appear in very young children and others in older children. Family history is also important because a few childhood cancers run in families.
Types of children’s cancers include:
- Brain and other central nervous system tumours
- Hodgkin lymphoma
- Non-Hodgkin lymphoma
- Soft tissue sarcoma
- Kidney tumours
- Bone tumours
- Gem cell tumours
- Liver tumours